Growth Trends And Other Factors That Affect Latino Youth In US
As per a report that was issued last year in September, there are certain challenges and trends that show up with respect to Latino children in America. About one-fourth of children in the US who are under the age of 18 usually are of the Latin community. It is projected that by 2050 there would be one-third of the child population of the country of this community. Among the 18 million Latino children who live in the US, about 95 percent have been born in the US.
As Latino children are a significant segment of US population, the issues that they face need to be looked at carefully. The study showcased how their situation fares in the post-recession economy. The Latinos have gained appreciably in certain areas such as health insurance, teenage births, educational opportunities and youth incarceration. The Hispanic youngsters, however, lag behind in certain economic and social indicators. For instance, projections reveal that the lower income group among Latino youth will increase by about 45 percent. Hence inequality levels will increase in the future. The number could rise from 11 million to 16 million by the year 2050.
The socioeconomic disparities would reduce if the right policies are implemented. For instance, there are gaps in ethnicity as well as racial discrimination that affect economic opportunities for the Latino youth as well as education. There have to be steps that are taken to reduce such disparities. For instance, if the economic conditions improve of Latino parents then the opportunities open to children will also improve. Economic growth in the country will also be impacted when the workforce of well-qualified people improves in the country.
Pattern of Latino population growth
If the reasons are looked at how the Latino youth population has increased in the country, this can be attributed to two main factors. The first being the immigration of Hispanics to the US, the population that has moved from Mexico and Latin America. This group has now come to childbearing years, as compared to other ethnic or racial groups. US borders might be closed to new immigrants, but the Latino youth population still continues to rise. However, the fertility rate among Latinas has fallen over the years, but it is still higher than other communities. As per geographic distribution, the Latino population is higher in the west and southwest. This is especially around areas like New York, Miami, and Chicago. Till 2001 about 58 percent of Latino youth can be found in the states that lie in the Sunbelt such as Texas, New York, Florida, and California. Among these states, New Mexico and California state that stands out that have a major part of the Latino population. The three states, Texas, Florida and California have seen a rapid increase in the youth population of Hispanic origin between the years 2000 and 2015. This can be attributed to different factors like a rebounding economy, domestic and international migration, immigration trends in recent times and so forth.